Mahatma Gandhi Biography | Life Story | History & Family

Mahatma Gandhi Biography | Life Story | History & Family

You call them Bapu or the Mahatma world knows them by this name. With the struggle of non-violence and satyagraha, they gave freedom to the British from India. Their work became an example for the whole world. They always used to say no evil, do not listen, do not say bad, and they also believed that the truth never loses. India has declared this great man as the Father of the Nation. His full name was 'Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi' - Mahatma Gandhi.




Full NameMohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Date of Birth2 October 1869
BirthplacePorbandar (Gujarat)
Father's nameKaramchand
Mother's namePutali Bai
EducationPassed matriculation examination in 1887. Becoming Barrister in England in 1891
WifeKasturba Gandhi
Name of childrenHarilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas

Mahatma Gandhi

Today, we are breathing in the independent India, because our Father Mahatma Gandhi - Mahatma Gandhi, liberated India from the British on the strength of his untiring efforts, not only this great man put his whole life into national interest. The example of the martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi is given today.

The Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi - Mahatma Gandhi had two weapons of truth and non-violence, which, in the terrible and extremely difficult conditions adopted in the path of peace, not only won them easily in bigger movements but also became an inspiration for others. .

Mahatma Gandhi is also called by the Father of the Nation and Father of the Nation. He was a person of simple life, thinking of high thinking. He spent his entire life in virtue and sacrificed his whole life in national interest. They put the influence of their personality not only in India but in the whole world.

Mahatma Gandhi was the great, whose work is as little praise as possible. Mahatma Gandhi- Mahatma Gandhi used to adopt any formula first and then used to try to learn from his mistakes.

The Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi was always saying,




"बुरा मत देखो, बुरा मत सुनो और बुरा मत कहो"

That is, he was a person who walked the ideals and the same ideals of his life gave him the title of the President.

Mahatma Gandhi Returned from England


In 1891, Gandhi returned to India after being a barrister, he lost his mother at the same time, but Gandhiji courageously faced this difficult time and Gandhiji started his advocacy after this, but he had a special success Not found.

Mahatma Gandhi Visit to South Africa

Mahatma Gandhi - During Mahatma Gandhi's advocacy, a Muslim business body named Dada Abdullah and Abdullah had to go to South Africa for a lawsuit. In this journey Gandhi faced the discrimination and discrimination of apartheid. Let us tell you that Gandhi was the first Indian superhuman to reach South Africa, who was dropped out of the train in a humiliating way. At the same time, the British there used to be very discriminating with them, here too they were treated badly under the black policy.

After which the boundaries of Gandhi's patience were broken and he decided to fight against this apartheid.

When Gandhi ji resolved to fight against apartheid -

Against the atrocities of apartheid, Gandhi ji formed the Natal Indian Congress in 1894 and started extracting the Indian Opinion newspaper, along with the Diaspora Indians living here.

After this, this movement, which started the Disobedience Movement for South African Indians in 1906, was named Satyagraha.

Mahatma Gandhi Return to India from South Africa

India returned to India after all the conflicts in South Africa in 1915. During this time, India was suffering the slaughter of British rule. The people of this country were suffering from poverty and starvation due to the tyranny of the British. Gandhi Mahatma Gandhi ji decided to fight the war against British rule and once again, with conscientiousness, he jumped into the freedom struggle.



Mahatma Gandhi Aandolan

Mahatma Gandhi Champaran and Kheda Andolan


In Champaran and Kheda, when the British were ruling India. The landlords were then exploiting them by doing more than the farmers. In such a situation, famine and poverty were born here. After that, Gandhiji had been campaigning for the rights of farmers living in Champaran and managed to get back the money from farmers 25 percent in this movement.


In this movement Mahatma Gandhi made his weapon of non-violent satyagraha and he won. This made them a different image among the people.

After this, the farmers of Kheda had broken the hill of Akali due to which the farmers were unable to pay their taxes. Gandhiji placed this matter in front of the British government and offered to forgive the lease of poor farmers. After this, the British Government accepted this offer of intense and stunning Gandhi and waived the payment of poor farmers.

Mahatma Gandhi Khilafat Andolan (1919-1920)

During the meeting in Amritsar's Jallianwala Bagh to protest against the Role Act, the British Office opened fire on innocent people without cause, in which 1000 people were killed there while more than 2000 were injured. Mahatma Gandhi had a great impact on this incident, after which Mahatma Gandhi decided to move against the British government on the path of peace and non-violence. Under this Gandhiji demanded the boycott of political, social institutions in British India.

In this movement Mahatma Gandhi formulated the outline of the proposal as follows:

Boycott of government colleges
Boycott of government courts
Exotic malls boycott
Boycott of election under 1919 Act

Mahatma Gandhi Chauri Chaura Andolan (1922)

On February 5, the Congress had taken out a procession in Chaura-Chauri village, where violence had spread, in fact the police tried to stop the procession but the crowd was becoming uncontrollable. Meanwhile, protesters set fire to a police station and 21 soldiers in the police station and set fire to them. All the people were burnt to death in this fire; Mahatma Gandhi - Mahatma Gandhi's heart had trembled with this incident. After this he wrote in the Young India newspaper.

"आंदोलन को हिंसक होने से बचाने के लिए मा हर एक अपमान, या कामुकपूर्ण बहिष्कार, यहाँ तक की मौत भी सहने को तैयार हूँ"

Mahatma Gandhi Savinay Avagya Andolan/ Dandi March / Namak Andolan (1930)


Mahatma Gandhi had initiated this movement against the British government under which the decision of the British Government not to accept the rules had been taken or decided to oppose these rules. Let us know that the British government had made the rule that no other person or company would make salt.


On March 12, 1930, by breaking the law by making salt by Dandi Yatra, they reached the place called Dandi and made salt and ignored the law.

Mahatma Gandhi - Gandhiji's Dandi Tour lasted from 12 March 1930 to 6 April 1930. Dandi travel was taken from Sabarmati Ashram. Seeing this movement rising, the government sent the then Viceroy Lord Irwin to the agreement, after which Gandhi had accepted the agreement.

Mahatma Gandhi Bharat Chhodo Andolan (1942)


Mahatma Gandhi made the third largest movement against British rule. This movement was given the name of 'Quit India'.


However, Gandhiji had to go to jail even in this movement. But the youth workers of the country continued to run this movement through strikes and sabotage. At that time the child-child slave of the country had been troubled by India and wanted to live in independent India. However this movement was unsuccessful.

The main reasons for the failure of Mahatma Gandhi's movement are given below.

These movements were not started all over the country together. This movement was started at different dates, which reduced its effect, though the farmers and students at large level participated in this movement.

Many Indians in the Quit India Movement were thinking that they would get independence after independence, hence the movement was weakened.

The Quit India movement of Gandhiji did not have succeeded, but this movement had made the British rulers realize that nowhere else India will be able to rule them and that they have to leave India.

Mahatma Gandhi-Gandhiji's movement on the path of peace and non-violence has played an important role in the liberation of India and has had a profound impact in everyone's life.

Important things about Mahatma Gandhi’s movements

In all the movements run by Mahatma Gandhi, some things were the same thing as the following:

All the movement of Gandhiji was run peacefully.
These agitations were canceled due to the violence of any kind during the movement.

The movement was run on the strength of truth and non-violence.

Some special things of Mahatma Gandhi


  • सादा जीवन, उच्च विचार –
राष्ट्रपति महात्मा गांधी – Mahatma Gandhi सादा जीवन उच्च विचार में भरोसा रखते थे उनके इसी स्वभाव की वजह से उन्हें ‘महात्मा’ कहकर बुलाते थे।
  • सत्य और अहिंसा –
महात्मा गांधी के जीवन के 2 हथियार थे सत्य और अहिंसा। इन्हीं के बल पर उन्होनें भारत को गुलामी से आजाद कराया और अंग्रेजो को भारत छोड़ने पर मजबूर किया।
  • छूआछूत को दूर करना था गांधी जी का मकसद
Mahatma Gandhi – महात्मा गांधी का मुख्य उद्देश्य समाज में फैली छुआछूत जैसी कुरोतियों को दूर करना था इसके लिए उन्होनें काफी कोशिश की और पिछड़ी जातियों को उन्होनें ईश्वर के नाम पर हरि ‘जन’ नाम दिया।

Death of Mahatma Gandhi


Nathuram Godse and his colleague Gopaldas shot Gandhiji in Birla House on January 30, 1948 and killed him.

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